Cannabis use in South and Central America issteady and lower than North America and Africa.
Attitudes and economic impacts of Cannabis in South America-
Uruguay’s big move-
On the 10th of December, 2013, the Uruguayan President Jose Mujica passed a bill and legalized the use of Cannabis making Uruguay the first South American nation to regulate the production and sale of the drug. Marijuana users were allowed to access the drug by being permitted to grow up to 6 plants at home, forming collective licensed grow clubs with up to 45 people or purchasing 40 grams of cannabis per month from pharmacies.
But after the Senate had signed the law, the government body responsible for the regulation of the Cannabis market was underfunded, cops continued to harass growers and the plan for buying from pharmacies was barely executed. The President postponed the implementation of the new law to 2015 and according to it all buyers, growers and sellers of the drug had to be residents of Uruguay, of 18 years age or older and registered with the authorities. It has been a deliberate choice by the authorities to license 2 companies to commercially grow 2 tons each of cannabis, which is expected to fall way short of the Uruguayan cannabis market demand of 25 tons.
Cannabis trade in other countries of Latin America-
In 2005, in Chile, private and public cannabis use was formally and legally decriminalized by the government. However, in 2014, the Country’s authorities allowed the growth of medical cannabis only after authorization by the Chilean Agricultural Service. In 2015, the Supreme Court in Chile legalized the private and collective cultivation of cannabis, and the sale of prescribed medication derived from marijuana is set to be allowed from December onwards in pharmacies.
The Country’s House of Congress has also propped a bill set to pass in 2015 to allow citizens to grow limited amounts of cannabis for medical and recreational use.
Since 1994 in Colombia, the possession of 20 cannabis plants and the personal consumption of meagre amounts of cannabis with a maximum of 22 grams has been legalized but its sale commercially remains illegal. In 2009, Argentina’s Supreme Court passed a bill decriminalising personal use and consumption of even small amounts of cannabis. The act of growing and selling bulk quantities of the drug is punishable by law, public use is accepted and the use of medical cannabis is not legislated but accepted.
In Brazil, possession or planting of cannabis or and other illegal drugs carries penalties of education and community services as the consequences of drug usage. Sale, cultivation or possession in larger amounts is categorized as drug trafficking and charges of a significant fine and 5-15 years of prison are handed down.
Latin America’s authorities have long since followed in the footsteps of North America and Africa in their regulations for Cannabis trade while precisely implementing policies that guarantee prevention of problematic and abusive cannabis consumption, education of society for its harmful consequences and contribution in fighting against organized crime and drug trafficking. The Cannabis management and control Institute in Uruguay, IRCCA, currently maintains a secure database of cannabis workers and consumers and regulates state control of the drugs market. The government is also planning to launch a campaign regarding potential risks of cannabis usage to educate its citizens.
As time goes by, it appears that researchers have just come up with some new ways marijuana and its main ingredient THC could be used in order to benefit mankind. According to the researchers, there are some diseases that could be cured with THC, and right now, we are going to list them for you, and tell you a bit about them, and how they can be cured.
Okay, marijuana can’t really cure the Alzheimer’s disease, but according to some studies, it can severely slow down the advancement of this terrible disease that attacks the memory center of the brain. According to Kim Janda from the Scripps Research Institute, TCH could slow down the progress of Alzheimer’s, by blocking the enzyme in the human brain responsible for blocking amyloidal plaque, which kills the brain cells and allows the disease to move forward.
The Canadian medical Association Journal has published that marijuana could ease the symptoms of multiple sclerosis, which is a huge thing for all those who are suffering from this disease, due to the fact that these symptoms can be extremely painful. Thirty patients who suffer from multiple sclerosis were studied and it was shown that these patients did not respond to other treatments, but have felt less pain after taking marijuana. This happens due to the fact that the THC from this plant binds to some of the receptors in the human nerves, which causes the relief in pain. Also, it was shown that this plant could help with muscle spasms.
Inflammatory bowel diseases
The world is full of people who suffer from various inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, and according to medical research, these poor patients could be helped with medical marijuana. The research was conducted by scientists from the University of Nottingham, who discovered in 2010 that some chemicals in marijuana, such as THC, can help our bodies by interacting with the body cells that are important for the gut function and the responses in the immune system.
It is already known all over the world that marijuana can help people cope better with pain, and it can even completely alleviate it. Also when you combine it with the fact that it helps you sleep, you get something that is great for all those people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. It was discovered by researchers that after giving these patients marijuana, they sleep better and more easily, and this occurs only two weeks after taking this medicament.
Medicinal marijuana has been officially used to treat people who suffer from Lupus, a terrible and debilitating disease. As this disease runs its course, the body starts attacking itself, and no one really knows why it occurs. However, the good news is the fact that there are some chemicals found in marijuana that improve the patients´health and ability to combat this disease. Besides that, marijuana not only helps with the pain and nausea, symptoms of this disease , but with similar symptoms experienced by those under going chemo- or radio-therapy for cancer.